It takes a gifted artist to become a great teacher and those who dare to teach never cease to learn.

Saturday, April 21, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: The Historic Center of Cordoba, Andalucia

The entrance gate to the historic center of Cordoab, La Puerta de Almodavar 

After arriving to Cordoba (3 hours bus ride from Granada) we started with a walking tour through Cordoba's old Jewish quarter which consists of a fascinating network of narrow streets inside the old Cordoba city wall, built after the Romans captured the city in 206 BC.
Cordoba's period of greatest glory began in the 8th century after the Moorish conquest, when some 300 mosques and innumerable palaces and public buildings were built to rival the splendors of Constantinople, Damascus, and Baghdad. 
In the 13th century, Under Ferdinand III the Saint, the Great Mosque was turned into a cathedral. New defensive structures were erected at that time, particularly the Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos and the Torre Fortaleza de la Calahorra.

The Great Mosque of Cordoba, at any given time it could host 30000 people

The Great Mosque of Cordoba was included on the World Heritage List in 1984 and the property was extended in 1994 to include part of the Historic Centre, the Alcázar (the fortress), and extending south to the banks of the River Guadalquivir, the Roman Bridge, and the Calahorra Tower. The total area of the heritage site encompasses 80.28 ha (almost 200 acres).

Lots of pictures were taken, and since my computer crashed, I will post more once I come home to Colorado on Tuesday.



Thursday, April 19, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Cartuja, Albayzin and the University Herbarium

Arriving to the Cartuja Monastery 
We arrived to the Cartuja Monastery prior of the opening hour. Our very knowledgeable guide, Juan (with good humor) was already waiting for us and started to inform us about the complicated history of the place.  Cartuja was founded in 1506; construction started ten years later, and continued for the following 300 years. The interior of the monastery was certainly spectacular.  After the Cartuja we also had a very pleasant and informative 3-kilometer walk through the Albayzin district. I will blog about this more in detail later.

In the afternoon was spent in the University of Granada Herbarium with Carmen Quesad Ochoa as a warm host. 
Herbarium is currently located in the old chapel of the Colegio Mayor Isabel the Catholic

The herbarium of the University of Granada (GDA) hosts the collections from the Department of Botany of the Faculties of Sciences and Pharmacy, of this university.  Its origin was linked to the pharmaceutical studies and goes back to the constitution of the first Chair of Botany, founded in 1853 by Professor D. Mariano del Amo and Mora, first dean of the Faculty of Pharmacy. In May 2000 was inaugurated the Herbarium was relocated in May 2000 in the old chapel of the Colegio Mayor Isabel the Catholic. After the transfer, to its current location, the herbarium constitutes a unique center that manages both collections.



  Carmen Quesad Ochoa, curator and the head of the Herbarium was showing us the historic myclogical collection with microscopic spore slides.
- please click here for a few additional images

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Alhambra, Sacromonte and Albayzin

From Alhambra -
During the 3-hour very professional tour of Alhambra and Generalife we learned so much of Spanish history and took so many pictures that it is impossible to summarize that in a same-day post - I will post more about Alhambra later.
From the Palace of Nazaries

In the late afternoon we had a strenuous but fantastic walking tour trough the Albayzin and Sacromonte - more detailed post about that will also follow later. 

 View from our evening walk 

 few more images from today, please click here

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Travelling Day from Netherlands to Granada, Spain


Granada Airport - Blue skies and Sun! 28C!

We started very early this morning to catch the 4:40 a.m. train to Schiphool airport and our flight to Spain. After changing the plane in Madrid we reach our destination in the mid afternoon. The Sierra Nevada Mountains are snow covered but in Granada we have 28C and blue skies! Alhambra and Albaicin are waiting for us tomorrow -. 

One of the gates to Alhambra
A few more pictures here:

Monday, April 16, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives : Special Archives at the University of Wagenigen

Lisbeth Missel, the curator of special collections at Wagenigen University and Research talking about Rumphius

This was our last day in the Netherlands and we took a 2-hour train ride to the east to the Wagenigen University and Research. We had a wonderful day with Dr. Lisbeth Missel who was informing us about the relationship between Rumphius and Maria Sibylla Merian. We saw several unpublished manuscripts and also several works by unknown artists. This was again a clear justification for how much more research needs to be done on the history of science to identify the unknowns in the documentation history.

The most expensive tulip! The tulip selection from 1637 - the plates were from that time, however the book was but assembled in the 19th century. Most likely the paper was cut smaller to fit better in the more practical book size.

Morepictures from our day can be found here

Sunday, April 15, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Delft, Royal Blue Pottery and Prinsenhof

One of the master painters at Royal Deft giving a painting demonstration 

This Sunday was devoted for Delft, the true birthplace of microbiology, center of technological research and development, and the birth place of Vermeer and Leeuwenhoek. Delft played an influential roll in the Dutch Golden age and once seat of the royal House of Orange.
We first visited the Royal Blue Delft factory, which is the only remaining factory of the 32 earthenware factories that were established in Delft in the 17th century. The factory was founded in 1653 and the original blue decorations are fully painted by hand with a color mixture made to a centuries old recipe, which is mostly cobalt oxide. The factory also manufactures products which are handmade but the decorations are screen-painted by means of a transfer. We learned a lot about the production and history. This is the 365th anniversary year of Royal Delft. 

In the afternoon we visited museum Prinsenhof Delft, once the court of William of Orange, the father of of the Dutch Nation. The museum hosted a temporary exhibit on Art Nouveau which translates to Art, Knowledge and Industry for Delft and the Netherlands. During this period (1890-1914) modern factories established and the Polytechnic School transferred the city into a center of  technical and artistic innovation. The Art Nouveau style was expressed in architecture, graphic design and applied art with decorations based on plant and animal motifs. The Art Nouveau was followed by the Art Deco movement (1920-1939) characterized by geometric forms and rich color. Our guide Sophia filled us with a ton of information from this era.

Delft Salad Oil poster from 1894, ink on paper by Jan Toorop (1858-1928) 
To see more pictures from our day in Delft, please click here

Saturday, April 14, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Van Gogh and von Siebold

This sunflower painting was aimed towards the  blind and partially sighted. The painting was accessible through touch smell and hearing. Here Diane and Sharon are feeling the brushstrokes on this relief reproduction

Van Gogh Museum was our destination this morning - This massive complex holds the most complete collection of Van Gogh's art. Even though his artist life was very short, around 10 years, he produced a vast number of art pieces. Vincent started painting when he was 27 (1880), he moved the Paris 1886 and 1889 he moved to southerns France. We had a guided tour, and after that spend an additional three hours going through and learning about Van Gogh's development and his life. There  wasa special exhibit about Vincent's connection to the Japanese art, he owned over 600 prints him self. No Photos here -

In the afternoon we were back in Leiden, continued with the Japanese theme and visited the Japanese Museum/Von Siebold House. Von Siebold (1796-1866) was a physician who was sent by the Dutch Government to Japan. Siebold had a keen interest in the natural world and  introduced a large number of Japanese plants and animals to Europe. He was known as the European expert par excellence on the subject of Japan for decades after.  We had the pleasure to have the same excellent guide as we had in the Hortus Botanicus during our arrival day, Mrs. Carla Teune!
Not many photos today, for the few, please click here

Friday, April 13, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives tour: Haarlem, Teylers Museum, Treasures from the Past


Carl Linnaeus' Systema Naturae (1735), first edition, published during Linnaeus stay in the Netherlands introduces the three kingdoms: Plants, Animals and Minerals - also the 24 different plant groups based on the reproductive parts of the plant.

Teylers Museum in Haarlem was opened to the public in 1784 and is the oldest museum in the Netherlands and the only 18th century authentic museum interior in the world. It was founded as a center for contemporary art and science. The holdings include fossils, scientific instruments, metals, coins and paintings. The archives include an amazing collection of drawings and sketches by Rembrandt, Michelangelo (25 drawings acquired in 1790 and part of the Odescalchi collection) and Hendrick Goltzius. The museum's rare book collection is unique. Our visit was exceptional and certainly one of a life time experience.

Michelangelo's preliminary studies for the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, red chalk. Note "The Hand" on the left side.
Hortus Eystettensis by Basilius Besler (1613). This particular volume had beautifully handwritten notes

For more pictures, please click here.


Thursday, April 12, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: Naturalis Biodiversity Center's Herbarium and Rijksmuseum Boerhaave



We were met this morning by Esmee Winkel, who is a scientific illustrator and botanical artist employed by the National Herbarium of the Netherlands (NHN) which is the Department of Botany of Naturalis Biodiversity Center. The botanical collections of Naturlis include the herbaria from Leiden, Utrecht and Wagenigen universities. In addition to the Netherlads the material focuses on plants in Southeast Asia, tropical America, and tropical Africa. At the moment the Naturalis is under renovation and all the botanic material: botanical library, research, herbaria and the work space is situated some 20 minutes bus ride away from our hotel.
Eshmee introduced us a large selection of original botanical illustrations mainly connected to Flora Rumphia by C.L. Blume (1796-1862), the first director of the Royal Dutch Herbarium.

The National Herbarium includes some 5.7 million specimens. The herbarium is now in a temporary location, this is one of the storage halls!
Herman Boerhaave, 1668-1738
In the afternoon we visited the Rijksmuseum Boerhaave, Netherland's treasure chamber for medicine and science. Herman Boerhaave was one of the leading scientist of his time in Europe. He was the director of Hortus Botanicus and also the rector of the University of Leiden. In addition to the replica  of the Anatomic Theater of Leiden University from 1594 the museum houses (acc. New York Times) one of the most important scientific and medical history collections of the world. Our 3-hour visit was way too short to see more than a fraction of the collection.
Weather? Overcast, Drizzle, icy wind, sunshine for a fraction of a second.

More images can bee seen by clicking here.

Wednesday, April 11, 2018

2018 Arts and Archives: The Hague


This morning we headed south to Den Haag, the third largest city in the Netherlands and the seat of the Dutch cabinet and Supreme court (Amsterdam is the  capital constitutionally). We visited the National Library of the Netherlands which have over 3.5 million items (equivalent to around 70 kilometers of bookshelves from medieval manuscripts to modern scientific publications. We met with Marieke van Delft, the curator of early printed editions and Karin Vingerhoets, the curator of children's books.
Album Amici from the turn of the 16th and 17th century

After a very informative morning we rushed to our private tour at the huge Gemeentemuseum den Haag, place for the richest Piet Mondrian collection in the world.

Basket with apples by Piet Mondriaan, 1891

To see more pictures from our day, please click here